Organic waste can be used as a source of energy. However, its combustion
is not always preferable and it generates toxic exhaust gases.
We study a possibility of organic waste pyrolysis as an alternative
approach to its utilization. We use the flue gas from the combustion
of natural gas to initiate drying, and subsequent thermal decomposition
of the treated waste. This process leads to generation of heat, pyrolysis gases (containing CO, H2 and various volatile organic compounds),
liquid products (higher hydrocarbons condensing in energy recuperation unit)
and solid residuum (mostly carbon).
The aim of this study is a conversion of organic waste to useful products,
analysis of pyrolytic products, study of possible utilization of
these products (as fuel for example), and accumulation of energy produced
by the pyrolysis. For this reason we also develop novel phase change materials for the heat storage. In these materials we also use the residual carbon produced from the organic waste. This carbon has a porous character and
it can be used as good adsorbent after its activation. Moreover, we
also tested its utilization as soil additive.
More details in:
Morvova M., Martisovits V., Morva I., Kosinar I., Janda M., Kunecova D., Kolesarova N., Biskupicova V. and Morvova M. jr.: Non-thermal plasma based system for exhaust treatment in reduced atmosphere of pyrolysis gases, In: Industrial Plasma Technology, Edited by Kawai Y., Ikegami H., Sato N., Matsuda A., Uchino K., Kuzuya M., Mizuno A., Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH&Co. (2010). abstract citations: 0
Morvová M., Morva I., Janda M., Hanic F., Lukáč P.: Combustion and carbonisation exhaust utilisation in electric discharge and its relation to prebiotic chemistry, Int. J. of Mass Spectrometry 223 (1-3): 613-625 Jan. 15 (2003). abstractdownloadcitations: 11